Weight loss surgery, or bariatric surgery, helps severely obese people lose weight permanently. Bariatric surgery can address significant belly fat and obesity-related health complications, but it is usually seen as a last resort.
People with a BMI of 40 or higher or 35 or higher with obesity-related health issues such type 2 diabetes, hypertension, or sleep apnea may consider bariatric surgery.
Bariatric surgery has numerous methods for reducing stomach size and changing digestion. Standard techniques include gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric banding, and duodenal switch biliopancreatic diversion.
Bariatric surgery reduces stomach size, restricting food intake. This significantly reduces calorie intake.
Some bariatric surgeries bypass or reroute the small intestine in addition to reducing stomach size. This can reduce nutrient absorption and weight.
Postoperative weight loss after bariatric surgery is often quick and significant. This can treat obesity-related diseases like type 2 diabetes and hypertension.
Bariatric surgery improves insulin sensitivity and glucose control. Many obese people's comorbidities improve.
To guarantee a safe and effective outcome, bariatric surgery candidates should be evaluated, educated, and work with a healthcare team. Like any medical operation, bariatric surgery should be carefully considered to weigh the pros and downsides with healthcare professionals.
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