Visceral fat, or belly fat, surrounds the kidneys and other abdominal organs.
Excess abdominal fat can harm renal function. Here are several ways belly obesity affects kidney function:
Insulin Resistance: High abdominal fat is commonly linked to insulin resistance, which impairs cell response to insulin. Insulin resistance increases blood insulin levels, which may harm kidneys.
Inflammation: Metabolically active visceral fat produces cytokines. Chronic inflammation can damage the kidneys and cause renal disease.
Hormonal Changes: Fat cells produce hormones and cytokines. An imbalance between adiponectin and leptin due to increased abdominal fat may cause renal disease.
Hypertension: Belly obesity is connected to hypertension. Chronic kidney disease is linked to high blood pressure, which damages kidney blood vessels and impairs kidney function.
Visceral obesity can compress renal blood arteries, limiting blood flow. Kidney injury and dysfunction can result from poor blood flow.
The link between belly fat and kidney function is complicated, and responses vary. A healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and weight management, can reduce the kidney health risks of belly fat. If you have renal function or health issues, visit a doctor for tailored advice.
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