Collecting Data: Meteorologists keep an eye on the weather by collecting data from satellites, weather sites, and airplanes, among other places.
Numerical Weather Prediction: High-tech computer programs look at the data they're given to make models of the Earth's atmosphere and guess what the weather will be like in the future.
Meteorologists use mathematical models to show how the atmosphere works, taking into account things like temperature, pressure, and humidity.
Satellite Technology: Meteorologists can use satellites to track weather systems, keep an eye on cloud cover, and watch things happen in the atmosphere.
Radar and Remote Sensing: Radar systems on the ground help keep an eye on rain and snow, and tools for remote sensing give us more information about the weather.
Weather Instruments: For real-time readings, instruments like anemometers (which measure wind speed), barometers (which measure air pressure), and thermometers (which measure temperature) are very important.
Meteorological sites: Networks of weather sites around the world constantly check the weather and tell what they see.
Accuracy of predictions: As technology and methods for combining data keep getting better, both short- and long-term weather predictions become more accurate.
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